All posts by Watt Jones

Tiny House Regulations West Virginia

Tiny House Friendly: 310

  • Tiny house regulations and codes vary by city, town, or county.
  • Jefferson County permits accessory dwelling units (ADUs) that are a maximum of 1700 square feet.

While tiny houses may be a solution in disasters such as flooding; tiny house regulations are difficult to navigate for full-time dwellers in West Virginia.

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Tiny House Regulations Virginia

Tiny House Friendly: 410

  • Tiny house regulations and codes vary by city, town, or county.
  • Staunton County allows tiny homes with a minimum of 200 square feet.
  • Virginia Beach does not have specific ordinances for tiny houses, but will treat them like any other residential space if they meet the state building code.

Tiny houses in Virginia may be on the rise, but regulations in many of its major cities remain tight. It does seem that some of the counties in Western Virginia ( Not West Virginia )are allowing them. Be sure to check with your local municipalities before building or parking your tiny home.

Staunton and Augusta Counties Virginia are allowing Tiny Homes under certain criteria. The Link is below for more information.

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Tiny House Regulations Vermont

Tiny House Friendly: 610

  • Tiny house regulations and codes vary by city, town, or county.
  • Burlington permits tiny houses as accessory dwelling units (ADUs) with no minimum square footage.
  • Brattleboro, Vermont – The Brattleboro Land Use Regulations has an equal treatment of housing section that says that, “Mobile homes, modular homes and prefabricated homes are allowed in Brattleboro under the same terms and conditions as conventional homes. Mobile home parks are allowed under the same terms and conditions as other residential subdivisions or developments.
  • Williston allows tiny houses to have a maximum of 1500 square feet.

Vermont’s major cities are strict in regards to tiny houses; but in some cases, it may be possible to build as an ADU. It’s relatively common in Vermont to park a tiny house on wheels in rural areas to fly under the radar.

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Tiny House Regulations Utah

Tiny House Friendly: 510

  • Tiny house regulations and codes vary by city, town, or county.
  • Washington County minimum square footage is under 300 feet. Tiny houses on foundations are allowed in residential areas as long as they are hooked up to utilities. Tiny houses on wheels are classified as park model recreational vehicles.
  • Salt Lake City permits accessory dwelling units (ADUs) that are either 50% of the square footage of the principal structure or 650 square feet (whichever is greater).
  • Salt Lake City Ordinance
  • Eagle Mountain City allows tiny homes on wheels in base and tier I residential zones.

Utah has been fairly slow to accommodate codes and regulations to tiny houses despite growing demand. However, there are a number of tiny house builders available for those who wish to join the movement regardless.

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Tiny House Regulations South Dakota

Tiny House Friendly: 710

  • Tiny house regulations and codes may vary by city, town, or county.
  • Spearfish, South Dakota:
  • A permanent tiny house on foundations that is building code compliant is permitted in all residential zoning districts in Spearfish.
  • A temporary tiny house on wheels can be located on any commercial campground in Spearfish.
  • Beresford, South Dakota:
  • The exterior width of the tiny house can’t be less than 8.5 feet or more than 20 feet.
  • The minimum size is 187 square feet with no less than 50 additional square feet per additional person.
  • Tiny homes that are not on wheels must be secured on a foundation.
  • A tiny house on wheels must be secured to a licensed trailer.
  • A tiny house must be tightly secured to the ground when parked in order to withstand weather. Learn more here (page 44, section 12.5).

South Dakota has made huge inroads in regulating tiny houses. Places like Spearfish and Beresford are great examples of communities that specifically address tiny houses in their ordinances. Over the next few years,hopefully we can expect other towns and cities in South Dakota to follow suit.

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Tiny House Regulations Rhode Island

 

Tiny House Friendly: 210

  • Tiny houses are not acknowledged in ordinances by the city of Providence.
  • Check with your local municipality for specifics on zoning regulations and building codes.

Most cities like Providence will refer to sheds as a place to keep gardening equipment. Recently, Rhode Island has passed a state law allowing owner-occupants of single-family homes to build accessory dwelling units (ADUs) for senior relatives age 62 and older.

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Tiny House Regulations Texas

Many parts of the State of Texas seem to be a Hotspot for establishing your Homestead and living in Tiny Houses or Shed to House Conversions, particularly in the rural areas of Texas.

 

Texas Cities Have Zoning Authority

Under Texas law, cities have the ability to adopt and implement zoning regulations. Texas Loc. Gov. Code Sec. 211. Interestingly, not all cities have done so. Houston, one of the country’s largest metro areas, does not have formal zoning, although it does control some land development through other indirect means.

Most cities in Texas, though, have zoning regulations. You can usually find a city’s zoning laws in a document titled “zoning ordinance” or “development code.”

If your property is outside city limits, different regulations will apply unless you are in what is called an “extraterritorial jurisdiction” right outside city limits. In Texas, counties have relatively limited zoning authority but may indirectly control development through regulation of transportation, environment, water, waste treatment, and stormwater.

Below is a list of Jurisdictions in Texas which seem to allow Tiny Houses or Conversions without any zoning or code issues.

Baylor County, Texas  ( Except City of Seymour)

Brown County, Texas

Ellis County, Texas 

Hideaway Tiny House Community – West Fort Worth

Lake Dallas, Texas

Medina County, Texas   (Outside City Limits)

Spur, Texas  ( which has the claim to be the first Tiny House friendly  Town since 2014)

Installing a Propane Wall Heater

HeatStar R10LP Propane Heater

Some Much Needed Backup Heat

Even with a 12,000 BTU Mini Split Unit installed in our Cabin we have experienced some spotty outages with our local electric cooperative and numerous power surges.  With the winter months upon us we decided it would be to our better judgement to install a propane heater to add an additional heat source in case our power went out for an extended period of time.

A few months back we made a daily trip  to Spencer, Tennesseee to order and purchase a wood stove chimney kit from from an Amish Gentleman named Ervin. Ervin makes them in his backyard shop and does quality work  given the measurements and sizes that we needed.  However, we eventually decided to save the wood stove and parts for our future add-on addition later.

We decided to install the propane heater in the photo above  to use as back-up when the power went out and on extremely cold days when our mini split just wouldn’t keep up.

What Parts Do I Need?

Well,  Propane heaters cant work without fuel… It seems our local Liquid Propane Suppliers wanted us to get a minimum of at least #250 Pound tank with fuel which would be anywhere between $600 -$800 in Propane and then another $200+ to install the line and make the connections.  With that kind of expense we decided to purchase our own tanks and have them filled.  We could also get a better price per gallon having our own tanks filled.  Commercially, suppliers will either provide or lease you a bulk tank in order to sell you more fuel.   There are smaller tanks available in either #100, #40, or #20 pound tanks for purchase from retail stores that have them.

A co-worker of mine gave us a #40 pound tank that  he wasn’t using and wanted out of the way.  We decided to purchase another #40 pound tank at our local Tractor Supply and have them filled while there.  Here is the Manchester #40 Propane Tank that we purchased in addition to the #40 tank my co worker gave us for FREE. (You can also find a picture of the tanks below)  We could have easily gone with two #100  pound tanks but decided that the heater would only have occasional use and wouldn’t be constantly demanding propane.

Note: I did transport my #40 pound tanks home in our utility trailer in an upright position.  Many places will not allow you to transport filled propane tanks in an enclosed vehicle and especially if they are laying down. Here is a good How To on transporting them.

Regulator

Depending on the size and manufacturer of your Propane Heater be sure to review the Operator and Instructions Manual included with your Heater for the compatible regulator type and size.   Here is an example of what to look for in your instruction manual:

Most Heaters are not provided with a Regulator and you will have to purchase one on on your own.  For an explanation of How  Regulators work click HERE! This will explain why its important to have the right size and type of regulator.  Our Particular heater purchase called for a regulator with a maximum Pressure setting of:

Pressure Regulator Setting  :  10 Inches of Water

Inlet Gas Pressure ( Maximum)  14 Inches of Water

Inlet Gas Pressure (Minimum)     11 Inches of Water

All of these should be listed on the Regulator Packaging for compatibility with your heater or compatible model numbers with your heater. Your Regulator should match these numbers for your heater in pressure or your heater may not work properly.

Service Lines

In order for your heater to operate from your fuel source to the heater, you will need the proper lines between both to supply your heater. Most common is the use of copper lines with flared fittings.

LP Pre Made Lines with attached Fittings for easy connections

As an alternative with occasional use and a shorter run between the tanks and appliance you can use pre-made rubber Liquid Propane lines suitable for use with Liquid Propane gas HERE  These work great for less the cost than copper tubing and fittings.   For a more permanent solution and alot of use I would recommend Copper lines and fittings.  Most major LP gas suppliers and regulations require a 10 foot minimum distance between the tank and dwelling.  Your local Codes will also dictate a minimum distance and connection.

I chose the pre made lines with the attached fittings for ease and the shorter distance i had between the tank and the appliance.

Dual Tank Hookup Kits

Due to having two LP tanks on hand, I decided to go with this handy dual tank hook-up kit I also found at Tractor Supply.  I had both tanks connected safely together in less than 5 minutes.

Liquid Propane Gas Valve

I installed this 1/2″ Liquid Propane Gas Valve which you can find HERE

Our Heater was provided with a 3/8″ gas inlet located on the bottom of the heater which you can see here. The heater also came with a 3/8″ FIP elbow provided with male and female ends as you can see below:

The LP gas inlet in the above photo is shown on the bottom corner of our heater.  The 3/8″ elbow also pictured screws into the threads to adjust where you want your gas line to run. Be sure when connecting all joints with gas line piping to use a compatible pipe thread sealant made especially for gases.   Thread tape for Gas will usually be sold with an Orange Cap and Orange colored tape.  This is double layered and only used for gas and oil applications.  You can also purchase a tube of RectorSeal 5 Pipe Thread Sealant for gas applications.

As illustrated in the above image I used the Gas threading tape to connect the 3/8″ elbow provided with the heater to the bottom of the heater.  I also purchased a 1 1/2″ length of 3/8″ Black Iron pipe and attached it  to the elbow with the sealant tape.  On the end to the right, I replaced that flair fitting (for copper tubing) with a Black Iron 3/8″ to 1/2″ Reducer.  If using metal piping its usually better to use Black Iron as it is more compatible with gases if not using the appropriate copper.  I think that Black Iron threaded piping gives a better and safer connection when dealing with gases.  Its also harder to jar your connections loose as opposed to using copper which can be easily bent and create a hazardous gas leak.

My reducer looks like this…..Be Sure its compatible with any type of Gas Application

At the 1/2″ end of the Reducer I added a 1/2″ Brass Pipe Nipple ( Any length you need for your particular project) In my case I used a 1 1/2 inch long brass nipple to connect to the gas valve from the reducer.

 

As can be seen in the photo above I connected from the reducer on the right using the brass nipple into the gas valve by threading it in ( using gas threading sealant). To the left on the opposite side of the gas valve, I added a 1/2″ Close Nipple, another 1/2″ x 3/8″ close nipple ( Black Iron or Brass)  into a Brass 1/2″ x 3/8 Reducer, another 3/8″ Close nipple and connected to the black LP Gas line coming from the tanks outside.  It made it very easy to connect to the gas valve with the 3/8″ connector already made into the hose line from outside.  Be sure to make all connections with the Gas Thread tape or Sealant. Your Gas Valve should be located inside next to your heater or appliance. This will allow you to stop the flow of gas going to the appliance in an emergency or a gas leak at the appliance.

 

Before making the gas line connections to the outside tanks, the unit came with a mounting bracket and hardware for either mounting to the wall ( As i did) or with floor stands provided for floor applications.   When mounting to the wall or the floor be sure to follow the Manufacturers recommendation for acceptable clearances around all sides of your heater.   I chose the wall mount on my particular project.

Connecting Your Tanks

As you can see in the photo above I connected both #40 pound LP tanks using the Double Tank Connection Kit I provided a link to previously.  Many of the threads going into the Tanks will screw in counterclockwise instead of clockwise.  Disconnecting the lines from the tanks unscrew in reverse.  One line will simply screw into the second tank ( as above) then connect to the end of the Brass Tee as pictured on the tank in the foreground. In the middle of the Tee will be the tank connection which will thread into the tank counterclockwise again.  Your regulator will screw into the opposite end of the Tee as pictured.  The remainder is your line going through the wall to your appliance.   Again, be sure to use Orange Thread tape or Sealant at all connections to prevent any leaks.  Propane is very explosive if not used properly.

 

Now What?

Before installing any gas line ( whether Propane or Natural Gas) be sure you follow all safety precautions and know what you are doing.  I would recommend a Trained Professional to install Natural Gas applications as their regulators are much more complex than Liquid Propane.   Almost all Natural Gas lines are run by a Local Utility and they require you to have one of their installers perform the work.  Tapping into a Natural Gas line without authorization is a criminal offense in almost all states.

It is also beneficial to check with your local authorities to learn the requirements (if any) for installing LP Gas tanks for residential or commercial use.

Once you have connected your appliance to the outdoor tanks its now time to test to be sure you don’t have any leaks and your appliance is working properly.

Testing For Leaks

Once all connections are made you can turn on the gas at the tanks by opening the valves located on the top of your tanks.  Open them slowly and listen for any sounds of a leak. If you do STOP!!!  Close the valves slowly and repair the leak.

If no leak at the valves allow enough time for the gas to enter the lines going to the appliance.  In the meantime, keep your gas valve inside near the appliance closed.

You can use a mixture of water and dish detergent to spray on all connections and joints. If you don’t have a spray bottle you can use a sponge and apply the water mixture on each joint.  If you see Bubbles forming, STOP!! and have the leak repaired where you see  it bubble. This is a sign that you have a leak.  Again, shut off the gas before making any repairs.

 

You can now open the gas valve and repeat the same steps between the gas valve and the appliance.  Follow Manufacturers Instructions to bleed air from the lines and lighting your pilot light.

 

Follow ALL Safety Precautions when installing or Servicing Liquid Propane…If not, this will happen!

 

If you should have any questions or comments about this article we would love to hear from you.  Please feel free to share your experiences or comment below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is CBD?

Guest Post By:   Aleecia Head ;  InfiniteCBD.com

WHAT IS CBD?

Our bodies are self regulating machines and all machines can be optimized, especially with the help of CBD products. The cannabis plant contains over 100 different cannabinoids or molecular compounds in plants called phytocannabinoids. They trigger cellular activity throughout the body. Cannabinoids help direct the effects to the right place. The most dominant cannabinoid is the psychoactive THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. Following close behind is it’s non-psychoactive brother CBD, or cannabidiol. Not only can we supplement CBD, we also create it within. Research is just unlocking the secrets and benefits of cannabidiol.

Human bodies naturally produce these compounds through our endocannabinoid system. Our bodies stay in homeostasis with the endocannabinoid system or the ECS. It works alongside the thyroid, endocrine and the peripheral nervous system. Our ECS manages our cognitive functions and emotions. Internal endocannabinoids and plant-derived phytocannabinoids both activate the endocannabinoid system. Fatty acid amide hydrolase, FAAH, and other varieties of amino acids are mediators that break down endocannabinoids. The naturally occuring anandamide from our ECS attaches to the CB1 receptors without the high feeling. With CBD, the calming effect can be felt for longer as it stops enzymes from disrupting the anandamide. Active ECS sites host the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

Neurons in the brain with a nucleus inside

Cannabinoids bind to different receptors throughout the body and brain. THC mainly binds to the CB1 receptor acting as an activator. The largest population of receptors can be found in the brain, research is coming to find. High activity of activators occur in regions that regulate bodily functions, like the hippocampus, spinal cord, and cerebellum. It moderates the duration and feelings of dysphoria, pain and our memory. Other CB1 receptors can be found in the cell nerves, tissue, organs and supports other glandular systems. CB2 receptors focus on helping the autoimmune system and enhancing anti-inflammatory properties. Both CB1 and CB2 receptors are found in immune cells. More CB2 receptors are found in white blood cells and the spleen. Each receptor is crucial to a functioning endocannabinoid system.

Adverse effects can happen when the body doesn’t produce enough internal endocannabinoids. Scientists are just starting to acknowledge the effects of an endocannabinoid deficiency and what it looks like. When the ECS function lowers, it’s reflected in enzyme change. Pain tolerance, sleep and mood degradation could be signs that the body is deprived, studies show.

CBD stimulates natural endogenous cannabinoids and directs them to activate without the psychotropic effects of THC. When THC is present, it creates a direct artificial effect on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. In fact, CBD can be used to counteract the effects of THC when one over consumes. It helps bring your body back to balance and reestablishes harmony within. At Infinite CBD, we use pure CBD isolate. Our Colorado grown, industrial hemp produces a clean and refined CBD isolate that tests above 99% THC free. Full spectrum oils use all of the cannabinoids from the whole cannabis plant. We’ve singled out our favorite cannabinoid, CBD, and allow it shine exclusively.

To enhance the effects of CBD, terpenes can be added to provide specific relief. Terpenoids, also found in ordinary plant’s resin, provide the oils that gives flowering fauna their aromatic presence. Over 200 non-psychoactive terpenes are in cannabis and have been found to have medicinal properties, similar to essential oils. Infinite CBD offers a wide array of terpenes that can be added to specific products to amplify the effect on the body. Linalool, the terpene in lavender oils, helps aid in relaxation while limonene, what gives oranges their fragrance, provides relief from anxiety. When combined with CBD, the therapeutic pair amplifies the medicinal properties and its effects on the body.

The breadth of CBD uses continues to grow as we learn more about the compound. From general anxiety and pain to specific ailments, CBD can help. The method of consumption will also change the way it affects the body. Topicals will help spot specific pain points on the body and is directly absorbed into the bloodstream. Smoking breaks the blood brain barrier while sublingual methods can take longer to absorb. Our Nano product is water soluble and designed to be broken down quicker by the body.

Overall, our bodies are designed to regulate CBD and uses it to boost our systems. The effects and ailments that can be helped by using a natural product are still being observed but so far the potential is positive. The possibilities of CBD are infinite and we’re only just diving in.

If you want to purchase any of their great products feel free to click on the Banner on Our Home Page…and Yes, we do get a commission on each sale.

 

Tiny House Regulations Oklahoma

Tiny House Friendly: 410

  • No regulations yet on tiny houses.
  • Tiny houses outside of cities have a better chance of meeting zoning requirements.
  • Tiny houses have a better chance of meeting building codes if placed on foundations.
  • Tiny houses on wheels are put into the same category as RVs.

While not yet represented in terms of regulations, tiny houses are still gaining traction in the state of Oklahoma. There are currently a few tiny house communities in development in the Wheeler District and in northwest Oklahoma City.

Tiny Home Village Taking Shape in Oklahoma City